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關于喝酒,你應該知道這些

來源:滬江 編輯:Kelly ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

What happens when you drink alcohol?

喝酒以后身體會有什么反應?
It doesn't matter what type of alcohol you drink – or even whether you mix drinks – the effects are basically the same with the same amount of alcohol.
不管喝什么酒,也不管是否摻著喝,喝等量的酒的影響基本是相同的。
When you drink alcohol it goes into the stomach and passes into the small intestine where it's quickly absorbed into the bloodstream.
喝酒以后,酒會進入胃里,然后進入小腸,快速被血液吸收。
If you have eaten something, it slows the absorption of alcohol so you don't get drunk so quickly. That's why it's a good idea to eat before and during drinking.
要是吃點東西,就會減緩酒精被吸收的速度,不會很快喝醉。所以最好在飲酒之前和飲酒期間吃點東西。
It takes your body about an hour to metabolise 10 g, or one standard drink, of alcohol.
身體大概需要一小時代謝掉10 g,或者一份標準量的酒精。
(There are calculators that help you estimate your blood alcohol level but everybody breaks down alcohol at a different rate. So these calculators should only be used as a guide.)
(有計算方法能幫你估算出血液酒精含量,但每個人代謝酒精的速度不同,所以這些計算方法只能作為參考。)

關于喝酒,你應該知道這些.jpg

What causes memory blackouts?

為什么會出現記憶中斷?
We all have that friend who has woken up after a big night out and not been able to remember half the night. That's a "blackout".
我們都有這樣的朋友,在外面睡一覺醒來,半個晚上的事都不記得了,這就叫“記憶中斷”。
It's different to "passing out" – you're still conscious and able to carry out conversation, you just can't remember it later.
這和“昏倒”不一樣,醉酒時你還有意識,能和人聊天,就是過后想不起來了。
The more alcohol you drink and the faster you drink it, the more likely you are to experience blackouts.
你喝的酒越多越快,就越有可能出現記憶中斷。
Once alcohol in your blood reaches a certain level, your brain simply stops forming new memories. If you think of your brain like a filing cabinet, files are going straight to the bin, so when you later try to look for them they are lost.
一旦血液中的酒精達到一定水平,大腦就會停止形成新的記憶。如果你把大腦想像成文件柜,文件就是直接被扔進垃圾箱了,所以過后想要找的時候,就都沒有了。
How do I sober up?
我是怎么清醒的?
If you've had too much, there's no way to sober up quickly. The only thing that can sober you up is time, so that the alcohol can be eliminated from your body.
如果你喝太多了,就不能很快清醒。唯一能幫你清醒的就是時間,過一段時間后酒精可以從體內排出。
The caffeine in coffee may make you feel more awake, but it doesn't help break down alcohol. You will be just as intoxicated and impaired, even if you feel a little less drunk.
咖啡里的咖啡因會使你更清醒,但不能幫你分解酒精。即使你感覺清醒一點了,但其實醉酒和身體受損的程度還是一樣的。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
absorbed [əb'sɔ:bd]

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adj. 一心一意的;被吸收的 v. 吸收;使全神貫注(

 
alcohol ['ælkəhɔl]

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n. 酒精,乙醇,酒

 
filing ['failiŋ]

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n. 銼(文件的整理匯集)

 
sober ['səubə]

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adj. 清醒的,沉著冷靜的,穩重的,顏色暗淡的

聯想記憶
conscious ['kɔnʃəs]

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adj. 神志清醒的,意識到的,自覺的,有意的

聯想記憶
certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 確定的,必然的,特定的
pron.

 
conversation [.kɔnvə'seiʃən]

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n. 會話,談話

聯想記憶
absorption [əb'sɔ:pʃən]

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n. 吸收,全神貫注

 
bin [bin]

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n. 箱柜,[計] DOS文件名, 二進制目標文件

聯想記憶
cabinet ['kæbinit]

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n. 櫥柜,內閣
adj. 私人的

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